The archaeological site of Sacsayhuaman is located two kilometers north of the city of Cusco. It is known as the old Fortress, house of the sun of arms and war, and in turn as a temple of prayer and sacrifices.
This monument was built on the top of the mountain where ancient tradition states that guardian spirits dwell to demonstrate to the following civilizations the greatness of their empire and its source of superhuman power.
This would explain the origin of its construction with giant stones transported and fitted together with unimaginable precision. The complex also consists of a kind of large slides made of stone where the visitor can slide.
Many of the blocks with which they built the walls of Sacsayhuaman, were designed in such a way that once articulated, they showed images referring to the spirits of nature such as the figure of a snake, a fish, a bird, the claw of a cougar, a flame, etc.
Inside the fortress, there were department stores to store food and others to store weapons; also channels for water distribution.
The throne of the Inca, located next to the fortress, was a large rock carved and polished on several levels, from where the sovereign presided over the parties, celebrations, parades and gave the orders.
One of the celebrations that still takes place in Sacsayhuaman is Inti Raymi, the festival of the sun, which coincides with the winter solstice.