Moray

The archaeological site of Moray is located in the Sacred Valley of the Incas, 5 kilometers from Maras and 38 kilometers northwest of the City of Cusco.

Located at 3,500 m.s.n.m. It presents a series of concentric circles, which increase in size as they gain height. Each of these comprises a terrace or walk with a different microclimate, the circles closest to the center will have higher temperatures and as they expand outward lower.

The provision of these platforms suggests to scientists that Moray was a kind of agricultural research center in the time of the Incas, where crop experiments have been carried out, which were planted in different platforms and exposed to different climatic temperatures

The platforms are divided into 3 sectors; the first four correspond to the first sector, they are those that are in the lower part, they are more humid and their temperatures are low due to the greater evaporation of the water.

The second sector includes the following four platforms that have temperatures ranging from 2°C or 3°C annually. The platforms 9,10,11,12 have temperatures that can vary according to sun exposure. The temperature changes are further differentiated considering the dry season and the rainy season.

All these characteristics have led scholars to determine that the Incas have developed twenty types of microclimates, that is, they see ecological zones on the Moray terraces, and thanks to this they have managed to produce more than 250 plant species among which are grains such as quinoa, kiwicha, squash, squash and potato varieties; They have also managed to acclimatize and transform wild species for human consumption, supplying food to the entire Tahuantinsuyo.

Regarding the name Moray, it is said that it is related to the corn that is called Aymoray or to the month of May that receives the same name or with the dehydrated potato, Moraya or Moray.
Finally, mention that as in other Inca constructions, you can ascend from one platform to the other by the sarunas, which are the protruding stones of the stair-shaped wall.

MORAY RAYMI

On October 8 of each year the Moray Raymi festival is held where hundreds of local people, neighboring communities and tourists gather at the archaeological site of Moray, precisely on their platforms to celebrate and thank the land for the good harvest, performing dances folklore related to land, harvest and agricultural work.

Archaeological sites