MACHU PICCHU ARCHEOLOGICAL SITE - SACRED CITY OF THE INCAS
Machu Picchu, from Quechua, ‘Cima Vieja’, is the contemporary name of the ancient Inca village of stone.
The Inca city Machu Picchu, is located at approximately 2,300 m.a.s.l. in the middle of mountains of strong slope such as the hill Machu Picchu, the Huayna Picchu and the Putucusi. It is also surrounded by the Urubamba River and in the vicinity of the Amazon rainforest.
It is considered that it was built in the year 1,450 approx. during the mandate of the Inca Pachacutec. Its building has been based on knowledge of architecture, engineering and astronomy.
The Inka city Machu Picchu comprises a religious area, an administrative area and a political area. The place where it was built is not a minor feature since it is the intersection of the Andes and the Amazon.
Although it is believed that Machupicchu was uninhabited during the second half of the 16th century; over the years it was visited and occasionally inhabited; Colonial documents attest.
In 1911, Professor Hiram Bingham arrived in Inka city and returned with a team of specialists to begin research and excavations in the area.
The National Archaeological Park of Machupicchu, has an area of 37,302 hectares, and is based in one of the areas of Peru with greater biodiversity.
The Inca city Machu Picchu is located 130 kilometers northwest of the city of Cusco, on the crest of the Machu Picchu hill and contains a large number of archaeological monuments.
The archaeological site Machu Picchu, as a cultural and natural area, is part of the UNESCO World Heritage list. It is one of the most visited tourist destinations on the planet, and considered one of the most important and harmonious archaeological sites with nature in the entire world.
The sacred city, named cultural heritage of humanity in the year of 1983, falls in love with all travelers who visit it for its majestic building and mysticism.
On July 7, 2007 Machu Picchu was declared as one of the new seven wonders of the modern world in a ceremony held in Lisbon, Portugal, with the participation of one hundred million voters worldwide.
In December 2012, it was awarded as the Best Green Destination in the World by the World Travel Awards (WTA), while Cusco was chosen as the best city in Latin America and Peru as the best culinary destination in the world.
To access the archeological site, you can buy the ticket online from your country or purchase it at the official reservation offices located in Cusco.
You can buy the entrance ticket only to the archeological site of Machu Picchu or complement it with access to the Huaynapicchu and / or Machu Picchu mountains. Here is a detailed information about this.