The village of Chinchero is located 30 kilometers northwest of the city of Cusco, in the province of Urubamba, at 3.762 meters overlooking the Salkantay, Veronica and Soray snowy.
The people of Chinchero inhabit the Inca buildings they have inherited from their ancestors, which remain almost untouched. One can see typical buildings with doors and windows wider belowand narrower at the the top.
Archaeology in chinchero is another attraction; one can observe terraces, a warehouse and an irrigation system, from which we can assume that it was an area of agricultural production.
It is one of the few places in Cusco that visibly maintains the Inca urban design. Chinchero was founded by the Inca Tupac Yupanqui, in the midst of the most beautiful countryside in order to serve as a resting place.
The Inca ordered to erect temples, baths, terraces and a large royal palace in 1480.
Among the main attractions of Chinchero we find the church of Our Lady of Monserrat (1607), located in the main square. It was built on Inca walls of the palace of Tupac Yupanqui. These walls are part of the foundation of a colonial construction that can be seen today.
Its paintings and murals decorated with religious figures demonstrate the great importance of religion to the people of Chinchero, devoted to lady Monserrat, now Virgin Nativity to which they dedicated an altar.
If you want to participate on your journey in the Mass in Chinchero, you should come by any Sunday morning, the only day that the church opens its doors.
Another tourist attraction presented in Chinchero is the home of Matthew Pumacahua, Inca chief during the eighteenth century. Who was one of the revolutionaruies in the indigenous cause, he was captured, tried and beheaded, being quartered and displayed his remains in Arequipa, Cusco and other regions.
You can also visit the Laguna Piuray, located 28 kilometers from Cusco, which supplies water to the city of Cusco since the time of Tahuantinsuyo thanks to the hard work and knowledge of the Inca Empire that through underground aqueducts carried the water to the imperial city.
The Chinchero market on Sundays is on the main square of Chinchero, where native peoples are present in their colorful traditional costumes. Originally the market was to exchange goods between the inhabitants of the town (based on barter economy). Currently they keep this custom and they sell their crafts and fabrics pre-Columbian style to people approaching the city that specially come to find and get these majestic products on the market Chinchero.
One of the typical characteristics of the inhabitants of Chinchero is their Clothing, since many of them continue wearing the kind of clothes that their ancestors wore.
The women wear dark skirts and jackets, mostly black, with red and green decorations. Their hairstyle consists of thin braids.
The men wear sheep wool ponchos, jackets, pants and colorful chullos. On their feet they wear the typical leather or rubber sandals.
The people of Chinchero are characterized by their textile skills. The whole process of textiles, from washing wool to the finished product, is produced in the workshops of artisans associations. The garments are made from sheep wool and alpaca. To achieve such striking colors in their garments, villagers used cochineal and plant pigments growing in the same district.
Chinchero is an ideal place to learn the techniques of spinning, dyeing and weaving; also to taste their dishes: tasty fillings rocotos, stew, rabbit or guinea pig pepián, olluco with meat, cheese kapiches, chunocola, Lawa and Kapchi; and beverages such as craft beers, chicha, hot water, among others.
Ticket to Chichero: To access the sights of Chinchero is necessary to buy the Cusco Tourist Ticket.
Partial entry: S/10 Nuevos Soles.
Hours: Everyday from 7.00 am to 17.30hs.
In the Museum of Site of Chinchero, the traveler can find a collection of cultural objects, primarily furniture that were mostly found in archaeological excavations in this area. Also ceremonial and utilitarian ceramic, lithic metal, stone objects as mortars for grinding grains and plants, a large piece of stone carved in the shape of a puma, typical clothing of the area, skeletal remains, an ethnographic collection consisting of farming tools, fabrics and other materials.
The second room displays a large collection of paintings from the Cuzco School, colonial paintings of the centuries XVII and XVIII and two mannequins dressed in traditional costumes of the region. We suggest a visit to the Sunday market, the beautiful colonial church and the buildings around the pre-Hispanic square.
Cost of entrance to Chinchero Museum:
Nationals: S/. 4 (Nuevo Sol).
Foreigns: S/. 7 (Nuevo Sol).
Hours: Everyday from 8.00 hrs. to 17.00 hs.
Address: Plaza de Armas, Chinchero District.